[Jeonju] the center of Jeollabuk-do
by Oh, Ye-Seul (Yeony-Suny Reporter)
● Genral Information
Jeonju is the center of administration, education and culture of Jeollabuk-do. Jeonju with its 1300-year history bears various historic relics within in the city. The major historic sites are Hanok (traditional Korean house) reservation site in Gyodong and Jeondong, and Pungnammun Gate, Jeonju Gaeksa (guest house), Jeonju Hyanggyo (Confucian School), Namgo sanseong Fortress and Donggosanseong Fortress and much more.
● Tourist Attraction
① Jeonju Hanok Village [Slow City]
Address : Gyo-dong Wansan-gu Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do
TEL : +82-63-282-1330 http://hanok.jeonju.go.kr
Jeonju Hanok Village is located in the city of Jeonju and overlaps Pungnam-dong and Gyo-dong. There are over 800 traditional Korean ‘hanok’ houses. While the rest of city has been industrialized, Hanok Maeul retains its historical charms and traditions.
Jeonju Hanok village is especially beautiful for its roof curves. The roof edges being slightly raised to the sky is unique. Hanok houses are generally divided into two sections, Anchae and Sarangchae. Anchae is also known as Gyusu room, and is furnished accordingly. Sarangchae is where the men dwell, and is referred to as the Seonbi room. Because men and women have to remain separate, Anchae is situated deep inside the house so that it is secretive and quiet.
Another trait of Hanok is that all the houses are heated with the ondol system, a unique sub-flooring heating system. Since Koreans enjoy sitting, eating, and sleeping on the floor, it needs to remain heated. A part of Hanok has been set aside so that tourists can experience traditional Korean life, called Hanok Life Experience Hall. You can enter the Seonbi room and the Gyusu room to experience the warm floor first-hand. An advantage of this system is that it is warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
The food provided is very traditional, which adds to the traditional ambience. At Jeonju Hanok Village visitors can enjoy traditional Korean life and traditional foods like bibimbap, the most well known dish from the Jeonju region.
② Gyeonggijeon Shrine, Pungnammun Gate
– Address : Pungnamdong 3-ga 102 Wansan-gu Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do
-TEL : +82-63-281-2891
– Address : Jeon-dong 83-4 Wansan-gu Jeonju-si Jeollabuk-do
– TEL : +82-63-287-6008
Historical Treasure No. 339, Gyeonggijeon Shrine was erected in 1410 and holds the portrait of King Tae-jo Lee, the founder of the Joseon Dynasty. The King and his wife’s mortuary tablets are enshrined here at Jogyeong Shrine. The structure was partially destroyed during the invasion of foreign forces from 1592~1598. The existing structure was remodeled in 1614. Inside Gyeonggijeon, the portraits of King Tae-jo and other successive kings such as Sun-jong, Cheol-jong, Yeong-jo and many others can be found on display. The carriage used to move the mortuary tablets as well as carriages used to transport dignitaries and individual chair-like carriages are also on display. This shrine has become a popular spot for filming traditional television shows.
Pungnammun Gate was built during the middle of the Joseon Dynasty (1768) and was designated National Treasure No. 308. Of the original four gates, this is the only one left standing (located in the southern portion of the city). The structure was partially destroyed during the invasion of foreign forces from 1592-1598. It was later rebuilt in 1978. Jungcheung and mullu are located at the center of gate lending to the arch-like features. The round features aid in the protection capabilities of Pungnammun Gate, as well as the overall grandeur.