Sea, the Future Treasure
As many policy makers of countries around the world have come to see the ocean industry as one of the most promising growth engines in the future, even more so than the aerospace industry, they have established strategies to strengthen their maritime policy. Ultimately this has been done for the purpose of integration, which would result in the creation of new wealth through the expansion ocean territory while at the same time quickly responding to a sharply changing marine environment.
Sea, a 2nd Pax Americana
The US government has labeled the three long-term visions of ocean, universe and cyber sectors as the top priorities for its national development and competitiveness, which means they highly regard the ocean industry as the basis and the future of the economy. And in fact, the ocean industry of America has created 28,000 jobs, accounting for 17% of the total jobs.
The US has carried out an integrated ocean policy after the establishment of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 1970, where the ocean industry of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Sea Grant project of the National Science Foundation and marine environment of the Commerce of Department were integrated together.
In addition, it enacted the Oceanic Management Law in 2000 and set up the Federal Maritime Policy Committee that aims to decide ocean policies of the nation. Furthermore, in 2004, it established the ‘21st century Maritime Blue Print’ strategy to increase its role and develop ocean science and technology. To overcome short and long-term threats such as ocean acidification, coast disaster caused by climate change, it has set National Climate Service (NCS) and formed next-generation strategies of NOAA.
EU Dreams Ocean Renaissance
The EU (European Union) formed the ‘Maritime Policy Vision’ for its integrated ocean administration in 2007, suggesting new visions for the EU’s ocean policy. The Maritime Policy Vision has comprehensively dealt with ocean governance, ocean environment, ocean science, maritime transportation, harbors and bays, and coastal management from the view point of sustainable development. The EU is now actively designing various kinds of projects including the Arctic Ocean development strategies and cooperation with underdeveloped countries for maintaining its leading role in the global ocean industries.
Like other countries, the UK has also tried to integrate its maritime administration. The British government has established the Maritime Management Office (MMO) in order to avoid the past practices of dispersed execution of its ocean policies and issued a maritime statement for the integrated and efficient management of them.
The Irish government has run Telecommunication & Marine Resource Department that takes the overall responsibility for its maritime policy for the promotion of the ocean industry, combined by ICT (Information Communication Technology).
Norway, an ocean power of Northern Europe, has formed Maritime & Coastal Ministry for not only the sustainable use of the ocean, but also strengthened maritime management of integration. Also, the ministry controls the management of fishing and aquaculture industry, harbor management, ocean safety, and prevention of sea pollution.
Global Marine Festival Expo 2012 Yeosu Korea
Ocean, as a unique solution to the shortage of land, depletion of natural resources and environmental pollution, is the treasure of the future filled with a large amount of both non-living resources like oil as well as living resources. The conservation of such marine resources is a requirement for the development of human society which requires science and technology. In addition, any disaster taking place on the sea is becoming a global concern. In that sense, it is firmly believed that Expo 2012 Yeosu Korea will play a critical role in searching for desirable alternatives and presenting constructive visions of marine technology as well.